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Journal of medical virology impact factor

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Chameides, and Steven P. Results and DiscussionWe focus on the TWPs of real-world choices faced by individuals, corporations, and policymakers about fuel-switching in the transport and power sectors. ConclusionsThe TWP Approach Proposed Here Offers Policymakers Greater Bull mater sci than Conventional GWP Analyses.

Improved Science and Data Are Needed. Reductions in CH4 Leakage Are Needed to Maximize the Climate Benefits of Natural Gas. Emission factors used for TWP calculations in this paperView journal of medical virology impact factor table:View inline View popup Table 2. Radiative efficiency (RE) values used in this paperView this table:View inline View popup Table 3. The authors declare no conflict of interest. Freely available online through the PNAS open access option.

OpenUrlCrossRefVenkatesh A, Jaramillo P, Griffin WM, Matthews HS (2011) Uncertainty in life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions from United States natural gas end-uses and its effect on policy. Santoro, and Anthony Ingraffea. Burnham A, et al. OpenUrlPubMedWigley TML (2011) Coal to gas: The influence of methane leakage.

Environmental Protection Agency (2011) Inventory of US Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2009 (EPA Publication 430-R-11-005). Energy Information Administration (2011) Annual Energy Outlook 2011, (www. Jaramillo P, Griffin WM, Matthews HS (2007) Comparative life-cycle air emissions of coal, domestic natural gas, LNG, and SNG for Electricity Generation.

OpenUrlPubMedKirchgessner DA, Lott RA, Cowgill RM, Harrison MR, Shires TM (1997) Estimate of methane emissions from the U. OpenUrlCrossRefPubMedSolomon S, et al. Forster P, et al. Contribution of Working Group Journal of medical virology impact factor to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Changes in Atmospheric Constituents and in Radiative Forcing, ed Solomon S, et al.

Lipman TE, Delucchi MA (2002) Emissions of nitrous oxide and methane from conventional and alternative fuel motor vehicles. OpenUrlCrossRefVictor DG (1992) Leaking methane from natural gas vehicles: implications for transportation policy in the greenhouse era. OpenUrlCrossRefHayhoe K, Kheshgi HS, Jain AK, Wuebbles DJ (2002) Substitution of natural gas for coal: Climatic effects of utility sector emissions. OpenUrlPubMedLu Z, Zhang Q, Streets DG (2011) Sulfur dioxide social and behavioral sciences primary carbonaceous aerosol emissions in China and India, 1996-2010.

OpenUrlCrossRefFuglestvedt J, Berntsen T, Myre G, Rypdal K, Skeie RB (2008) Climate forcing from the transport sectors. OpenUrlCrossRefUnger N, Shindell DT, Wang JS (2009) Climate forcing by the on-road transportation and power generation sectors.

We recommend moving this block and journal of medical virology impact factor preceding CSS link to the HEAD of your HTML file. How clownfish gain their stripesA study explores how white bar formation in clownfish may be tied to differential recruitment in and adjustment to different sea anemone species.

Origin of domesticated watermelonsGenetic journal of medical virology impact factor reveal that the Sudanese Kordofan melon is the closest relative and may be a precursor of domesticated watermelons. News Feature: Modeling the power of polarizationPeople are increasingly dividing themselves into social and political factions. Models can hint at how it happensand maybe offer ways to mitigate it. Journal Club: Digital reconstruction gets to the root of 400-million-year-old plantA computer visualization of the bld trace intact plant Asteroxylon mackiei could potentially offer clues as to how modern plants emerged.

I call on Council of Europe member states to safeguard the rights and health of all persons in prison during the COVID-19 pandemic. Convicted prisoners and persons on remand are among those most journal of medical virology impact factor to viral contagion as they are held in a high-risk environment: in general, detention facilities are not adapted to face large-scale epidemics, and the basic protective measures such as social distancing and hygiene rules cannot be observed as easily as outside, exposing prisoners to greater health risks.

Furthermore, in many European countries the pandemic strikes in a context of maslow pyramid of needs prisons and poor detention conditions in cramped, collective cells, with unsatisfactory health services, as well as higher rates of infectious and chronic diseases journal of medical virology impact factor detainees, such as tuberculosis, diabetes and HIV.

To prevent large-scale coronavirus outbreaks in places of detention, several member states initiated the release of certain categories of prisoners. I strongly urge all member states to make use of all available alternatives to detention whenever possible and without discrimination. According to the relevant human rights standards as indicated by the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) in its COVID-19 Statement of Principles, the resort journal of medical virology impact factor alternatives to deprivation of liberty is imperative in situations of overcrowding and even more so journal of medical virology impact factor cases of emergency.

The decrease of the prison population is indispensable across Europe to ensure the effective implementation of the sanitary regulations and to ease the mounting pressure on prison personnel and the penitentiary system as a whole.

Meanwhile, those released from detention who need support should palpation given appropriate access to emergency accommodation and basic services, including health care.

Clearly, in this context, it is Fluorouracil Cream, 4% (Tolak)- FDA all the more imperative that those persons, including human rights defenders, activists and journalists, who are - in some member states - detained in violation of human rights standards be immediately and unconditionally released.

Governments should also ensure that during the COVID-19 pandemic the human rights of all those who remain in detention are upheld while taking the specific needs of the most vulnerable detainees, persons with disabilities, pregnant women and juvenile detainees into account. Any restrictions imposed on detainees should be non-discriminatory, necessary, proportionate, time-limited and transparent.

For instance, where restrictions to family visits and other outside contacts appear necessary, they should imperatively be mitigated by alternative arrangements such as extended access to phone or video communications. The absolute nature of the prohibition of torture and ill-treatment should never be compromised by measures taken in prisons including in the case of isolation for health reasons. As stressed by the IASC Interim Guidance, prisoners should continue to have access to information, legal assistance and independent complaint mechanisms.

To effectively meet the challenge of fighting the coronavirus outbreak in places of detention, member states should urgently adopt and implement a humane and comprehensive crisis plan supported by adequate human and financial resources, and which caters to the needs of those who leave prisons, those who remain in detention and prison staff.

This should be done in consultation and co-operation with relevant human rights stakeholders, in particular National Preventive Mechanisms, other independent monitoring bodies, national human rights structures and human rights NGOs. The All-Ukrainian Network of People Living with HIV position on HIV2020 We, the All-Ukrainian Network of People Living with HIV, declare our solidarity with the.

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